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What is the difference between AR and VR ?

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  • What is the difference between AR and VR ?

    Augmented Reality (AR)

    Augmented Reality (AR) combines the digital world with real elements. It is a technology that is equally suitable for mobile devices and desktops. What makes it special is the fact that it offers the possibility of reflecting digital components in the real world.

    Almost any person with a smartphone can get access to augmented reality, making it more efficient than VR as a branding and gaming tool. AR morphs the mundane, physical world into a colorful, visual one by projecting virtual pictures and characters through a phone's camera or video viewer. Augmented reality is merely adding to the user's real-life experience.


    Enables individualized learning and enhances the learning process.
    AR offers a wide range of applications that are continuously being improved.
    The technology makes it possible to increase accuracy and efficiency.
    Experience or knowledge can be shared over long distances.


    The costs of implementing AR are comparatively high.
    Many devices have only a low level of performance.
    A key disadvantage is the lack of user privacy.
    If the focus on security is neglected, the introduction of augmented reality can lead to a security breach.

    Virtual Reality (VR)

    Virtual reality takes these same components to another level by producing an entirely computer-generated simulation of an alternate world. These immersive simulations can create almost any visual or place imaginable for the player using special equipment such as computers, sensors, headsets, and gloves.
    What's the Difference Between the Two?

    The distinctions between VR and AR come down to the devices they require and the experience itself:
    • AR uses a real-world setting while VR is completely virtual
    • AR users can control their presence in the real world; VR users are controlled by the system
    • VR requires a headset device, but AR can be accessed with a smartphone
    • AR enhances both the virtual and real world while VR only enhances a fictional reality

    • Immersive learning is possible in an interactive environment.
    • Users can explore the virtual world in all its facets.
    • The education sector benefits from these new possibilities.

    • A genuine interaction in the virtual environment is not possible.
    • It is tempting to transfer one’s life completely to the virtual world.
    • Even though training or learning in the VR environment is very beneficial, it cannot completely replace the real training experience.

    Augmented or virtual reality? A direct comparison of the two technologies

    AR and VR differ from each other in key aspects. However, this stark difference does not mean that one of the two technologies is better than the other. Instead, both technologies stand out in different application spheres:
    • VR creates an immersive virtual environment, while AR augments a real-world scene.
    • VR is 75 percent virtual, while AR is only 25 percent virtual.
    • VR requires a headset device, while AR does not.
    • VR users move in a completely fictional world, while AR users are in contact with the real world.
    • AR requires higher bandwidth than VR.
    • AR is intended to enhance the virtual world and the real world. VR replaces the real world with a fictional reality, which is primarily intended to enhance games.
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